Academy writing is a ritual, precise, and converged style of writing that is used in academic and educational publishing. It is mostly used while writing articles on educational or academic subjects. Academic writing is used by scholars while writing literary materials backed up by some strong evidence.
It is considered the most important skill in academic background. It is also what students are expected to assemble in universities classes. The procedure of writing simple text and academic writing is the same but it follows definite understanding in stretches of content, structure, and style.
What are the objectives of Academic writing?
The most familiar objective of academic writing is to the improvement in the educational sector. The other main objective of academic writing is to elaborate what is discussed in a much more efficient manner. It helps in understanding the meaning of the writing.
Academic writing can also be written with or without precise guidelines. The use of guidelines helps in maintaining the order and to make sure that the writing follows a particular composition.
The main purpose of academic writing is to deliver any information with a precise and appropriate image of that topic so that the reader of that topic can clearly understand the meaning of the topic. This is the reason why academic writing needs to be a lot more accurate than simply writing. It needs to be much more efficient and the chance of mistakes in it should be lessened.
What are the main types of academic writing?
Earlier we have discussed the definition and objectives of academic writing. In this segment, we will talk about some of the most important and valuable types of academic writing. The main types of academic writing are given as follows.
- Opinion article
- Case studies
- Persuasive writing
- Analytical writing
- Short reports
The opinion articles are mostly based on criticism and must be backed up by some evidence. Most of these articles do not get published because there is a lack of space for them. These articles are mostly written about 2000 to 2500 words. This may include references and figures and tables.
In opinion articles, the writer mostly shares his opinions and beliefs about that particular topic. The purpose is to tell the readers that your opinion on that specific topic is legit and the best. As we have talked about earlier opinion articles are usually based on criticism so the legit proof is necessary to prove your point. Without proof the opinion article is incomplete.
The research about a person or an event is called Case studies is mostly used in social, educational, business research. It is the in-depth study of a person, place, group, organization, and phenomenon. Case studies mostly involve qualitative methods but they may also use quantitative methods as well.
Some of the types of case studies are given below.
- Descriptive case studies
- Collective case studies
- Explanatory case studies
- Exploratory case studies
Persuasive writing includes information plus re-organizing the information. Persuasion is all about the mind of the reader. It involves strategies that will change the mind of the reader. The main objective of persuasive writing is to convince the reader that you are right. It should persuade the reader to think that the topic you are talking about is correct.
The meaning of analytical writing is to elaborate the topic in the form of bits. The writer needs to talk about the aspects of every single bit of information in analytical writing. The meaning of analytical writing is to break information apart. Mostly to define the information in form of figures and tables. It can also be defined as the analysis of a topic. It is a piece of writing that provides a precise analysis of a topic.
Short reports are mostly used in journalism, business, and university assignments. A short report is a ritual document that tells a targeted audience about a particular subject that can influence their life. The short reports also require a lot of research on the topic you are about to write the short reports. It is also called an informal report.
The short reports all aspects of the study on a particular topic. A short report should be clear so it may convey its meaning to the reader in a much more easy manner. It may contain facts and figures regarding the subject it is written about. A short report should not be lengthy.
What are the structures of academic writing-
The structures are one of the most important factors of academic writing. A writer has to follow some structures in order to write affectionate academic writing. It can be used for both formal and informal academic writing. Some of the structures of academic writing are discussed briefly as follows.
- Chronological structure
- Comparative structure
- Causal structure
- Sequential structure
The chronological structure includes the events that actually happened. While using the chronological structure you have to organize or arrange the events according to the time they happened or occurred. It is considered the easiest pattern to follow during academic writing. It requires accurate research about the event that you are going to write about in the article.
Comparative structure, as the name signifies, is the comparison between the two subjects in an article. The writer needs to study the elements of the subject the article is about in order to make its comparison with another subject. By following comparative structure usually, a comparison of two different subjects is made but the writer can also follow the comparative structure by contrasting the subjects or both.
It is a classic and causal type of academic writing. A causal structure includes an introduction, body, paragraphs, and a conclusion. It is the most simple structure of academic writing. A regular and legit topic with in-depth research is required while following this structure.
Under this structure, the topic is discussed with the step-by-step method. This structure is similar to the chronological structure but the main difference is that it describes the how-to, when-to process of academic writing simply means that you have to describe it in sequences and waves.
Things to avoid in academic writing-
Following are the things you should avoid in academic writing
In academic writing, you must assure that the content you are writing is unique and not copied. It is the most common mistake a lot of writers make. For excellent content writing, you need to make your content unique and plagiarism free.
In academic writing, the language used is much more ritual than it is spoken in daily life communication. It must include grammar, punctuation and it should avoid spelling mistakes. Academic language is more unpretentious and unconstrained. It is mostly spoken in daily life but the informal language should not be used in academic writing.
In academic writing, you need to be totally accurate about the topic you are writing about. Academic writing is all about research on the topic you are going to write about. Without finding claims and accurate pieces of evidence academic writing is not possible. The topic you are writing about must be backed up by some evidence or proof. So the content you are writing must be precise and accurate.
In academic writing, a writer should avoid long and complex sentences. The text should be easy to understand for the reader. Often a lot of writers make the mistake of writing complex and gawky content. It makes it harder for the reader to understand the content. Thus a writer should be focused on writing easy and understandable content.
Academic writing should not be based on fake ideas. It must include original ideas about a particular topic. The availability of original ideas is only possible when the research is done on the particular topic you are writing about. Original ideas and accurate research always put a great influence on the reader’s mind and it has the ability to persuade the reader to believe that your research on the topic is most accurate and believable.
In this article, we have covered academic writing, its main purpose, the types of academic writing, and the errors you should avoid. We have discussed academic writing mediums and highlighted some of their main characteristics. Similarly, we have also introduced the objectives of academic writing and described their main purposes. The types of academic writing that are discussed are briefly explained, and some of the main structures are briefly highlighted.
The primary purpose of this article was to outline academic writing and define its different kinds. This article reflects most of the elements of academic writing. It also provides tips on how to become an excellent academic writer. Basically, there is one crucial thing you should keep in mind: the distinction between academic and simple language. In short Daily life, language is a lot more formal than academic writing.